Metal oxides

  • Thallium Nitrate - Discover the properties, uses, and safety information

What is Thallium Nitrate and what is it used for


Thallium nitrate is a chemical compound with the formula TlNO₃. It is composed of thallium (Tl), a soft and toxic metal, and nitrate (NO₃), a polyatomic ion. Thallium nitrate is typically found as a white crystalline solid.

Thallium nitrate has several uses, primarily in the field of chemistry and research.

Here are a few common applications:

Laboratory reagent: Thallium nitrate is used as a reagent in various chemical reactions and experiments in laboratories. It can be employed as an oxidizing agent, catalyst, or as a source of thallium ions in different chemical processes.

Manufacturing other thallium compounds: Thallium nitrate serves as a precursor for the production of other thallium compounds. By reacting thallium nitrate with other chemicals, such as hydroxides or carbonates, various thallium salts and compounds can be synthesized for specific applications.

Optical materials: Thallium compounds, including thallium nitrate, have been utilized in the production of special optical materials. Thallium-doped crystals and glasses have unique optical properties, such as high refractive indices, and can be used in lenses, prisms, and infrared optics.

Pyrotechnics: Thallium nitrate has been used in pyrotechnic compositions to produce green-colored flames or sparks. However, due to thallium's toxicity, its use in consumer fireworks has significantly decreased in recent years.

Pesticide and rodenticide: In the past, thallium nitrate was used as an ingredient in certain pesticides and rodenticides due to its high toxicity to insects and rodents. However, its use in these applications has been restricted or banned in many countries due to its harmful effects on the environment and human health.

It's worth noting that thallium and its compounds are highly toxic, posing significant health risks. Therefore, the use of thallium nitrate and other thallium compounds should be strictly controlled and handled with caution, adhering to appropriate safety protocols and regulations.

Formula: TlNO3
Molar Mass: 266.39 g/mol
Form: colorless solid
CAS Number: 10102-45-1
EC Number: 233-273-1
IUPAC name: Thallium(I) nitrate
Density: 5.55 g/cm³
Synonyms: THALLOUS NITRATE, Thallium mononitrate, Nitric acid, thallium(1+) salt, RCRA waste number U217, Nitrate thalleux

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Thallium Nitrate - Properties, Uses, and Safety Information

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