Metal oxides

  • Urea: Uses, Benefits, and Applications | Everything You Need to Know about Carbamide

Urea in Fertilizers. Industrial Applications of Urea. Urea's Role in Cosmetics and Skincare. Biological Significance of Urea. Where can I buy Urea (Carbamide)


Urea, also called carbamide (because it is a diamide of carbonic acid) is a chemical compound with the chemical formula CO(NH2)2. It is a colorless, odorless, and highly soluble compound that is found in the urine of mammals, as well as in certain other organisms.

Urea plays several important roles in various biological and industrial processes:

Biological Role:

Nitrogen Waste Excretion: In mammals, including humans, urea is a waste product of the breakdown of proteins and amino acids in the liver. It is then transported to the kidneys and excreted in urine. This process helps to eliminate excess nitrogen from the body.

Osmoregulation: Urea also plays a role in regulating the osmotic balance in the body, helping to maintain proper fluid balance.

Industrial and Agricultural Uses:

Fertilizers: Urea is a widely used nitrogen fertilizer in agriculture. It provides a readily available source of nitrogen to plants, which is essential for their growth and development.

Feed Supplement: Urea can be used as a dietary supplement for livestock to provide additional nitrogen for protein synthesis in their bodies.

Chemical Industry: Urea is a versatile chemical used in various industrial processes. It is a key ingredient in the manufacture of plastics, resins, adhesives, and various chemical compounds.

Cosmetics: Urea is used in some cosmetics and skincare products for its moisturizing properties. It helps to hydrate and soften the skin.

Laboratory and Medical Uses:

Urea is used in clinical laboratory testing, particularly in the measurement of kidney function. The blood urea nitrogen (BUN) test is a common medical test that assesses kidney function by measuring the concentration of urea in the blood.

Urea can also be used in the preservation of biological samples, such as tissue and cells, as a component of certain freezing solutions.

Automotive and Diesel Exhaust Fluids:

Urea is a component of automotive exhaust fluids, such as AdBlue or diesel exhaust fluid (DEF). It is used in selective catalytic reduction (SCR) systems to reduce nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions from diesel engines, helping to meet environmental regulations.

In summary, urea is a compound with a wide range of applications, from its essential role in nitrogen excretion in living organisms to its use in agriculture, industry, and various other sectors. Its versatility and solubility make it a valuable chemical in many different contexts.

Formula: CO(NH2)
Molar Mass: 60.056 g/mol
Form: solid odorless white crystals or pellets
CAS Number: 57-13-6
EC Number: 200-315-5
IUPAC name: Carbonyl diamide
Density: 1.32 g/cm³
Synonyms: urea, carbamide, Carbonyldiamide, Isourea, Ureophil, Carbonyldiamine, Ureaphil, Carbamimidic acid, Urevert, Alphadrate, Aquadrate, Carbaderm, Keratinamin, Pseudourea, Carbonyl diamide, Calmurid, Pastaron, Urepearl, Carbamide resin, Ultra Mide, Varioform ii, Aqua Care, carmol, Harnstoff, Mocovina, Nutraplus, Prespersion, Supercel 3000, Aqua Care HP, Ureacin, Hyanit, Carbamimic acid, Antisepsis bolus, Elaqua xx

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Exploring the Versatility of Urea (Carbamide)

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